Constituting the area between Tagus River estuary and the Sao Jorge Castle, Alfama district of Lisbon is very rich and diverse with its portfolio of attractions. Apart from the Sao Jorge Castle, the district hosts many other historically very important buildings like Panteao Nacional, Igreja de Santo Antonio, and Se Cathedral. Formerly a very poor part of the city, Alfama now is a trendy, hip district with many tourists treading its streets. Best way to explore Alfama is by randomly walking through its cobblestone streets and alleys and stumbling upon stunning monuments. Here are some of the important attractions of the Alfama district of Lisbon.
1Sao Jorge Castle
No matter how many alternative lists are being made about the attractions of Lisbon, Sao Jorge Castle will be there. Both because its cultural and historical importance, and its beauty. Situated on one of the seven hills of the city, the castle also has a great view of the city.
The most popular object of the postcards of Lisbon is the Tram 28. Travelling through the picturesque streets of central Lisbon, Tram 28 is one of the most famous attractions of the city. A full trip on the Tram takes around one hour and it passes by most attractions throughout central Lisbon.
Formerly a major port city of Roman Empire, Lisbon has many remains from that period. One of the most prominent ones of these remains is the Teatro Romano which is an ancient amphitheatre with a capacity of 5000 spectators. Also, there is a museum for other things found during the excavation very nearby.
Hosting the burial points of very important Portuguese figures like Luis de Camoes, Henry the Navigator and Vasco da Gama, the National Pantheon of Portugal is a very impressive building. The original name of the building is the Church of Santa Engracia.
5The Sé Cathedral (Sé de Lisboa)
Built upon the site of a major mosque dating back to the period of Moorish rule over Portugal, The Sé Cathedral hosts remnants of the original building, too. Compared to other monuments in Lisbon, stylistically, The Sé Cathedral seems like an opposite fashion with its austerity. However, boasting none of the lavishness of most other buildings throughout the city, the cathedral lacks no beauty. The 12th century cathedral is one of the best attractions in the district.
6Igreja de Santo Antonio de Lisboa
Santo Antonio is a very important figure in the history of Lisbon. He is the patron saint of the city and Igreja de Santo Antonio de Lisboa is obviously dedicated to him. Built on his birthplace, the original building dates back to early 13th century. However, because of the earthquake in 1755, the original building was largely destroyed; and thus, the new one is built in the year of 1767.
Distinctive and famous music style of Lisbon, Fado, undoubtedly deserves its own museum; and it just so happens that the Alfama district has one. Originating from the sorrowful songs of sailors’ wives who wait for their husbands’ return from their travels, Fado is a strongly emotional genre. Fado Museum captures this feeling and provides the historical context for its visitors.
8Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen Viewpoint
One of the advantages of walking through this hilly district is to run into some stunning sights over the beautiful city of Lisbon. Alfama provides its guests with countless spots, but the Miradouro Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen is one of the bests. Offering enchanting views of the Sao Jorge Castle and the Tagus River from under the trees, this viewpoint is definitely one of the spots in Alfama to spend some time in.